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FAQ Flight Abbreviations & Glossary

1. Discount Air Ticket
5. Special Excursion Fare(PEX)
9. Open Jaw Ticket
13. Stopover
17. Airlines Insurance Surcharge
21. APEX Ticket
25. Minimum Connect Time
29. Shoulder Season
33. Carry-on
37. Land Only
41. Lowest Available Fare
2. Pax Name
6. Open Ticket
10. Air Tariff
14. Infant Fare
18. E-ticket
22. Blackout Dates
26. Standby
30. F.I.T.
34. Codeshare
38. Layover
3. PP Validity
7. Fixed Ticket
11. Fuel Surcharge
15. Child Fare
19. Add-on Fare
23. No Show
27. Red-eye Flight
31. Unlimited Mileage
35. Twin-Sharing
39. Rack Rate
8. Fixed-Open Ticket
12. Transit
16. Passenger Facility Charge
20. International Student ID
24. Interline Connection
28. Reissue
32. Unrestricted Fare
36. Through Passenger
40. Run-of-house (ROH)


1Discount Air Ticket
Also known as IT (Inclusive Tour), it is a fare originally designed and used for package tours. Essentially, Discount Air Tickets are round-trip tickets with restrictions. In many cases, passengers are not allowed to make changes.
2Pax Name
Pax Name or Passenger Name must be entered exactly as it is appears in one's passport. Airlines can deny boarding for a misspelled or otherwise incorrect name. Family name comes first, then first name followed by middle name if any. Passenger names cannot be changed after reservations are made, and an attempt to do so will result in ticket cancellation with the applicable fees and even penalty.
3PP Validity
PP Validity or Passport Validity. The validity of your Passport must extend for the full duration of your trip. It is not uncommon that some countries require you to have a remaining of at least 6 months validity in order to travel to that country. 
A permit to enter a foreign country issued by the government of that country. A VISA may be required depending on the passengers' nationality and destination country. If you are not certain of the VISA requirements for your intended destination(s), please consult with the proper embassies/consulates for further information. 
5Special Excursion Fare(PEX)
Published by airlines, it is priced cheaper than a full fare, but only available for a limited number of seats. Restrictions vary, and may include advance purchase. 
6Open Ticket
A ticket without specific air reservations for return or onward journey. With discount tickets, departure date and flight, as well as route are fixed, though the return date can be left open.
7Fixed Ticket
A ticket fixed in every way (date, flight and route). Changes cannot be made once the ticket is issued. (e.g. 30-Day Fix: means a ticket that is fixed and valid for up to 30 days only) 
8Fixed-Open Ticket
A ticket fixed in some ways. Air reservation is needed for the entire itinerary, but passengers can change travel dates and flights, except for the original departure. Route change is not permitted though. 
9Open Jaw Ticket
Essentially round-trip in nature, Open Jaw reservations allow passengers to depart on the return trip either to a city different than their original departure, or from a city different than their original arrival. (Round Trip - A flight to a single destination and return back to the origin.) 
10Air Tariff
A common term to describe the published price of an air ticket. Airport & immigration taxes are not included.
11Fuel Surcharge
A fee added to a ticket by an airline to cover the increased cost of fuel. Usually lumped onto the cost of a ticket as if it were a tax.  
A passenger at an airport who is there simply to change flights and is therefore not required a VISA or to go through customs or immigration formalities. A transit passenger will have to observe a minimum connecting time requirement when connecting another flight with little transit time. 
An extended period of stay at a point intermediate to the final travel destination. Passengers may make one or more stops en-route, on either outbound or return flights. Rules on stopover and routing are different from airline to airline, as well as the type of ticket. Additional charges may be required. 
14Infant Fare
Applicable to passengers under two years of age at the time of departure. A separate airline seat is not provided for infant fare. Infants up to 10 kg can use a bassinet; otherwise parents must hold or sit the infant on their lap. In general the infant fare price is 10% of the adult Normal Fare (price before discount)
15Child Fare
Applicable to passengers up to 11 years of age at the time of boarding. A child passenger will occupy a seat similar to an adult fare. The fare price is 50% of the adult Normal Fare. It is not uncommon for a child to purchase an adult fare because overy often huge discount can lead to adult fare being much cheaper than a child fare. 
16Passenger Facility Charge (PFC)
Passenger Facility Charge is also refered to as Airport Facility Charge or commonly called Airport Tax. A fee for the use of many airports, added in to the cost of an air ticket.
Major Airports in Japan Adult Child (2-12yrs old) Pax on transit
Narita International Airport 2,040yen 1,020yen 50%
Tokyo International Airport, Haneda 2,000yen 1,000yen 50%
Central Japan International Airport, Nagoya 2,500yen 1,250yen 50%
Kansai International Airport, Osaka 2,650yen 1,330yen 50%
Fukuoka Airport 945yen 472yen -
17Airlines Insurance Surcharge
A surcharge on air tickets made by airlines as a result of increased insurance costs following the terrorist attacks of September 11. Airlines began charging part of these costs from passengers as of Oct 22, 2001 through authorization by the Japanese Ministry of National Land and Transportation. Please be reminded that the Airlines Insurance Surcharge is assessed on top of airfare and all applicable taxes. 
E-ticket or Electronic Ticket. A paperless ticket now in use by most almost all airlines with the aim to reduce the high administration fees associated to the issuance of a printed ticket. Replacing the actual printed air ticket, an "Itinerary Receipt" in the form of an electronic copy is issued as proof of reservation, and this can be printed by your own and is presented to the ticket collection counter at the airport in exchange for the actual air ticket on the day of departure. Depending on your airline, an E-Ticket can be used straight for check-in at the counter or by using an automated self check-in machine provided by the airline. The benefits of an E-ticket allows for shortened check-in and boarding times, and not worry about lost tickets. 
19Add-on Fare
A discounted domestic fare for connecting international flights. Can only be purchased together with your international flight ticket. 
20International Student ID
An identification card that identifies the holder as a student, and thus is entitled to benefit from free or discount admission to museums, etc.  
21APEX Fare
APEX Fare sometimes refered to as Advance Purchase Ticket. A conditional fare that requires advance purchase by a specified date in order to receive the best rate. This type of ticket does not allow for changes to be made after issuance.  
22Blackout Dates
Blackout Dates or Blackout Periods.The dates on which certain fares or certain types of tickets are not permitted. Blackout dates can also extend to issues like baggage or cargo restrictions and often apply during peak travel periods or over holiday travel periods. 
23No Show
A passenger who doesn't show for a flight, hotel, or rental car booking. 
24Interline Connection
A flight on one airline that connects to a flight on another carrier.  
25Minimum Connecting Time
The shortest amount of time needed to transfer between flights. Each Airlines will stipulate a legal Minimum Connecting Time necessary to change planes at a given airport.  
The procedure of waiting for a seat to open up on a flight on which a passenger is not booked/confirmed.  
27Red-eye Flight
An overnight flight that leaves at night and arrives early the next morning. 
When a new ticket has to be created in exchange for another due to change of plans, dates, etc. In most cases a reissue will also involve fees and/or penalties. 
29Shoulder Season
The period of time between the high and low seasons when rates for a destination are between their highest and lowest. 
FIT (foreign independent tour): A travel package put together by a travel agent from separate components.  
31Unlimited Mileage
No mileage restriction when renting a car. 
32Unrestricted Fare
An airfare that has no special advance purchase, Saturday stay or certain days to travel requirements, and is usually refundable. 
Luggage that is permitted to be brought on to the aircraft by the passenger. 
An agreement between airlines to sell space on each other's flights. The flights will have both the operating carrier's flight number (the airline that is using its aircraft for the flight), and the codesharing flight number (the partner airline in the agreement sells space on the flight as if it were its own, and has its own flight number).  
Twin-Sharing or Double Cccupancy. The way in which almost all tour packages are quoted based on two people traveling together.  
36Through Passenger
A passenger who is not disembarking at a particular stop while en route to the final destination. 
37Land Only
Prices you see in the brochure are for the land costs only and do not include international airfare. 
Usually an overnight stop during the flight portion of a trip, involving a change of airplanes or another form of transportation due unfavorable connection conditions. Different from a Stopover where it is a planned stop of at least one night (or more than 4 hours domestically), and then continuing the next part of a flight itinerary.  
39Rack Rate
The standard price of a hotel room before any discount has been taken. 
40Run-of-house (ROH)
Refers to a type or class of hotel room which is assigned at the discretion of the hotel upon your arrival.  
41Lowest Available Fare
The lowest fare available found at that time. 

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